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Constitution Day

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Background

The existing Constitution of the People's Republic of China (The Constitution) was adopted at the Fifth Session of the Fifth National People's Congress on 4 December 1982. The Constitution is the fundamental and supreme law of the state. As an important symbol and sign of the nation, it has the highest legal status, legal authority, as well as legal effect.

The Constitution is the "root" and "origin" of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR). Article 31 of the Constitution stipulates that "The state may establish special administrative regions when necessary". Article 62 of the Constitution also stipulates that the National People's Congress shall exercise the power to decide on the establishment of special administrative regions and the systems to be instituted there. It is based on the stipulations from the Constitution that the HKSAR is established. The Constitution gives the legislative backing and source of power for the Basic Law, and provides a solid legal basis and constitutional framework to the basic policies of "one country, two systems", "Hong Kong people administering Hong Kong" and a high degree of autonomy.

With the aim of enhancing public awareness of the Constitution, promoting its spirit, strengthening its implementation and advancing China's overall law-based governance, the Standing Committee of the Twelfth National People's Congress decided at the Eleventh Session on 1 November 2014 to designate 4 December as the "Constitution Day" and that the nation will conduct promotion and education activities of the Constitution through multiple channels.


2020 Constitution Day Seminar

Please click here to revisit the Seminar

To deepen public understanding of the constitutional basis of Hong Kong, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government will organise a seminar on the Constitution Day, with the Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Endeavour Education Centre being supporting organisations. The seminar, with the theme of "The Constitution and National Security", will analyse the important concept of national security, explore the relationship between the Constitution and the Law of the People's Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (National Security Law) and national security, as well as examine how the Constitution and the National Security Law effectively safeguard the country’s sovereignty, security and development interests. Details of the seminar are as follows:

Date: 4 December 2020
Time: 11:00 a.m. - 12:30 p.m.
Theme: The Constitution and National Security

Programme
Playing and singing of the National Anthem
Welcome remarks by Mrs Carrie Lam Cheng Yuet-ngor, GBM, GBS

The Chief Executive, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
View Video (Chinese only) Speech (Chinese only)
Welcome remarks by Mr Luo Huining

Director, Liaison Office of the Central People's Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
View Video (Chinese only) Speech (Chinese only)
Keynote Speech by Prof Chen Duanhong

Professor of Peking University Law School
View Video (Chinese only) Speech (Chinese only)
Panel Discussion

Moderator:  Mrs Rita Fan Hsu Lai-tai, GBM, GBS, CBE, JP
Chairman of the Management Committee of the Endeavour Education Centre
 
Speaker:  Miss Elsie Leung Oi-sie, GBM, JP
First Secretary for Justice and former Vice-chairperson of the HKSAR Basic Law Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress

Mr Johnny Mok Shiu-luen, SC, BBS, JP
Member of the HKSAR Basic Law Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
View Video (Chinese only)



Short videos for the Constitution Day


2020 Constitution Day Event Highlights


Constitution Day Series

The Constitution: the Root and Origin of the Basic Law and “One Country, Two Systems” - Matthew Cheung Kin-chung, GBM, GBS, JP, Chief Secretary for Administration, The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

憲法與「一國兩制」- 全國人大常委會香港特別行政區基本法委員會副主任譚惠珠女士,GBM,GBS,CBE,JP (Chinese only)

憲法與《基本法》- 港區全國人大代表、全國人大常委會香港特別行政區基本法委員會委員黃玉山教授,SBS,BBS,JP (Chinese only)

憲法及其歷史淺説 - 全國人大常委會香港特別行政區基本法委員會委員陳弘毅教授,SBS,JP (Chinese only)

《憲法與香港國安法律》- 基本法推廣督導委員會委員李浩然博士,M.H.,JP (Chinese only)


Past Event

2019 Constitution Day Seminar