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The Rights of the Individual

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Children Statistics and Information

3. Gross enrolment ratio and completion rate for education

a) Gross enrolment ratio at pre-primary, primary and secondary levels[1],[2]by sex

(i) Pre-primary level

Sex 2016/17 2017/18# 2018/19 2019/20
  Male 104.7% 106.4% 106.7% 97.4%
  Female 101.1% 102.7% 104.9% 97.5%
  Total 102.9% 104.6% 105.8% 97.5%

(ii) Primary level

Sex 2016/17 2017/18# 2018/19 2019/20
  Male 102.1% 99.9% 99.0% 101.8%
  Female 100.3% 97.8% 96.2% 98.1%
  Total 101.2% 98.9% 97.6% 100.0%

(iii) Secondary level

Sex 2016/17# 2017/18# 2018/19# 2019/20
  Male 111.5% 112.8% 109.9% 104.2%
  Female 106.0% 107.4% 104.0% 97.2%
  Total 108.8% 110.2% 107.0% 100.7%

#Revised figures


The ratio in the above table refers to the “Gross Enrolment Ratio” which is defined as “Total enrolment in a specific level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the eligible official school-age population corresponding to the same level of education in a given school year” by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). According to this definition, the gross enrolment ratio in a given school year may be greater or less than 100%.


Hong Kong has been providing nine years of free and universal basic education (six years of primary education and three years of junior secondary education) through public sector primary and secondary schools (including government schools, aided schools and caput schools) since 1978. The minimum age for entering public sector primary education in Hong Kong is five years and eight months as at 1 September of the year, which corresponds to six years old as at 31 December of the year. Starting from the 2015/16 school year, the reference time point for counting of school-age population is shifted to 31 December of the year for compilation of Gross Enrolment Ratio to better reflect Hong Kong students’ schooling situation.

b) Completion rate for primary and secondary education

Under the policy of 9-year free and universal basic education, the completion rate for primary education and junior secondary education are close to 100%. Since the 2011/12 school year, the new senior secondary academic structure has been fully implemented and all students are offered subsidized school places to complete senior secondary education.