The Basic Law provides that the ultimate aim is to elect the Chief Executive ("CE") and Legislative Council ("LegCo") by universal suffrage, in the light of the actual situation of Hong Kong and in accordance with the principle of gradual and orderly progress.
The decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of 2007 has made clear the universal suffrage timetable: Hong Kong may implement universal suffrage for the CE in 2017 and following that, all Members of the LegCo may be returned by universal suffrage.
To implement universal suffrage, having considered fully the views of the public, different sectors of the community and the LegCo put forth during the three-month public consultation, the HKSAR Government has implemented the constitutional reform package for the methods for selecting the CE and for forming the LegCo in 2012.
The successful implementation of the 2012 constitutional reform package has greatly enhanced the democratic elements of the electoral methods for the CE and the LegCo.
As mentioned by the CE in his 2013 Policy Address, the HKSAR Government will promote and achieve the ultimate aim of universal suffrage in accordance with the provisions of the Basic Law and the relevant interpretation and decisions of the Standing Committee of the NPC.
On 31 August 2014, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress adopted the Decision of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on Issues Relating to the Selection of the Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region by Universal Suffrage and on the Method for Forming the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in the Year 2016, and formally determines that universal suffrage for the CE election through "one person, one vote" could be implemented starting from 2017. On 7 January 2015, the HKSAR Government published the Consultation Document on the Method for Selecting the Chief Executive by Universal Suffrage to launch a two-month public consultation. Please click here to visit the relevant website.
For further information on previous consultation documents and other relevant papers, please click here.